WASHINGTON — President Trump’s nominee for attorney general, William P. Barr, has expressed extreme hostility to whistle-blower protections in federal law that allow private citizens to win financial rewards for exposing fraud in federal programs.
Mr. Barr’s views on executive power and the investigation of President Trump by the special counsel, Robert S. Mueller III, will hold much of the spotlight Tuesday, but he will also come under sharp pressure to renounce his position on whistle-blower protections at his confirmation hearing before the Senate Judiciary Committee.
That is because the whistle-blower law is strongly supported by a Republican whose vote he needs, Senator Charles E. Grassley of Iowa.
“I’m confident that he understands the significance of this law to fight fraud and guard taxpayer dollars,” Mr. Grassley said Monday, promising to press the nominee at Tuesday’s hearing.
As an assistant attorney general in the first Bush administration in 1989, Mr. Barr wrote a lengthy legal opinion asserting that the law was unconstitutional. The law poses “a devastating threat” to presidential authority and replaces the prosecutorial discretion of the Justice Department with “the mercenary motives of private bounty hunters,” he wrote.
Mr. Barr acknowledged that the law, which allows private citizens to sue on behalf of the government, had roots that went back to 14th century England and the earliest days of the American Republic. But he said that George Washington and other framers of the Constitution would probably not have accepted it if they had “fully understood its implications.”
When he wrote the opinion, Mr. Barr was the head of the Office of Legal Counsel, the Justice Department office that provides legal advice to the president and the attorney general.
He was assailing the False Claims Act, which authorizes any person to file a lawsuit “in the name of the government” to recover damages and penalties from anyone who has knowingly submitted a false or fraudulent request for payment of federal dollars.
If confirmed, Mr. Barr would be in charge of administering and enforcing the law and working with whistle-blowers.
But first, he must navigate through a committee full of supporters of the law he has called “an abomination.”
Besides Mr. Grassley, the whistle-blower law has been backed strongly by Senators Richard J. Durbin of Illinois and Patrick J. Leahy of Vermont, both Democrats. Another member of the panel, Senator Kamala Harris, Democrat of California, used her state’s False Claims Act to pursue fraud in Medicaid and the mortgage industry when she was attorney general of California.
Mr. Barr’s objections to the False Claims Act were consistent with his expansive view of presidential power.
“The Supreme Court has consistently ruled that the authority to enforce the laws is a core power vested in the Executive,” Mr. Barr wrote. “The False Claims Act effectively strips this power away from the Executive and vests it in private individuals, depriving the Executive of sufficient supervision and control over the exercise of these sovereign powers.”
The False Claims Act, also known as Lincoln’s law, was adopted in 1863 in response to rampant fraud by contractors who cheated the government by selling the Union Army sick mules, lame horses and sawdust instead of gunpowder.
In 1986, Congress strengthened the law by increasing incentives for whistle-blowers to file lawsuits alleging false claims. As a reward, a whistle-blower can receive up to 30 percent of any amounts recovered, with the balance going to the Treasury.
In the three decades since adoption of that law, championed by Mr. Grassley, the government has recovered more than billion. Last year, for example, the Justice Department obtained more than .8 billion in settlements and judgments from civil cases involving fraud and false claims against the government. Of that amount, .5 billion came from the health care industry, including drug and medical device manufacturers, hospitals, doctors and home health care companies.
Mr. Barr’s opposition to the law continued after he left the Justice Department.
The Supreme Court upheld the whistle-blower provisions of the law in 2000, in an opinion by Justice Antonin Scalia. But a year later, in an interview for an oral history of the presidency of George H.W. Bush, Mr. Barr described the whistle-blower law as “an abomination” and repeated some of the objections raised in his 1989 opinion.
Mr. Barr argued that the whistle-blower law was unconstitutional for several reasons: It violates a provision of the Constitution specifying how federal officials are to be appointed. Whistle-blowers have not personally suffered an injury and therefore do not have a right, or standing, to be in court. And the law violates the constitutional doctrine of separation of powers among the three branches of government.
Mr. Barr said he was particularly upset because, under the law, whistle-blowers could second-guess the attorney general, challenging litigation decisions by the government and its efforts to dismiss or settle a case.
Lawyers for whistle-blowers said Mr. Barr fundamentally misunderstood the purpose of the False Claims Act and the 1986 amendments, adopted to address widespread fraud by federal contractors.
“For more than three decades, the False Claims Act has served the Department of Justice and the American taxpayer extraordinarily well,” said Robert Patten, the president and chief executive of Taxpayers Against Fraud, a nonprofit group that supports the law. In a letter to members of the Judiciary Committee, he urged them to pin down Mr. Barr’s current views of the law.B:
2017年今天的买马资料【原】【计】【划】【想】【今】【天】【上】【架】【的】，【但】【手】【上】【的】【两】【章】【实】【在】【不】【满】【意】。 【这】【本】【书】【本】【来】【想】【走】【悬】【疑】【路】【线】，【但】【写】【着】【写】【着】【发】【现】【没】【主】【角】【什】【么】【事】【了】。【连】【我】【自】【己】【都】【代】【入】【不】【了】，【想】【必】【大】【家】【疏】【离】【感】【更】【甚】。【单】【纯】【的】【反】【转】【想】【来】【也】【没】【什】【么】【意】【思】。 【所】【以】【就】【到】【这】【里】【吧】。 【最】【后】，【和】【大】【家】【说】【声】【对】【不】【起】，【还】【有】【谢】【谢】。
“……”【啥】【意】【思】？ 【他】【面】【无】【表】【情】，【转】【身】【瞬】【移】【离】【开】，【临】【走】【又】【丢】【下】【一】【句】：“【不】【要】【在】【外】【面】【留】【得】【太】【久】，【否】【则】，【哼】！” 【哼】，【又】【是】【啥】【意】【思】？【真】【是】【的】，【傲】【娇】【的】【一】【点】【都】【不】【像】【他】【了】，【不】，【他】【本】【来】【就】【不】【是】【他】，【只】【能】【算】【是】【他】【的】【另】【一】【人】【格】【而】【已】。 【他】【不】【再】【是】【当】【年】【的】【神】【尊】，【我】【也】【不】【是】【那】【个】【年】【幼】【无】【知】、【需】【要】【亲】【人】【相】【依】【为】【命】【的】【小】【凤】【凰】，【如】【今】【也】【不】【是】
【暗】【千】【念】【看】【苏】【漾】【那】【看】【穿】【洞】【察】【一】【切】【的】【眼】【神】，【一】【咬】【牙】，【从】【身】【上】【又】【摸】【出】【来】【一】【份】【文】【件】，【打】【开】【一】【眼】，【依】【旧】【是】【熟】【悉】【的】【字】【眼】。 【暗】【千】【念】【那】【名】【字】【写】【的】，【真】【的】【就】【跟】【狗】【抓】【过】【的】。 “【漾】【哥】，【你】【行】【行】【好】，【救】【救】【我】【这】【个】**【怜】【吧】，”【暗】【千】【念】【声】【痛】【泪】【下】，【又】【道】，“【看】【在】【你】【是】【时】【寻】【的】【哥】【哥】，【我】【是】【时】【寻】【的】【表】【哥】【的】【份】【上】，【咋】【们】【也】【是】【一】【家】【亲】，【你】【就】【把】【这】【份】【合】【同】
【沐】【希】【澈】【去】【苏】【氏】【集】【团】【找】【到】【了】【苏】【锦】【年】，【告】【诉】【他】【楚】【婳】【没】【有】【死】，【在】【他】【那】【里】。 【苏】【锦】【年】【听】【后】【颇】【为】【震】【惊】，【但】【没】【有】【丝】【毫】【的】【怀】【疑】，【脚】【下】【像】【是】【生】【了】【风】【般】【就】【要】【离】【开】【办】【公】【室】【去】【找】【楚】【婳】。 【在】【电】【梯】【里】【在】【沐】【希】【澈】【的】【提】【醒】【下】，【苏】【锦】【年】【回】【鑫】【龙】【府】【邸】【接】【上】【了】【云】【安】【和】【恬】【恬】，【水】【灵】【也】【跟】【着】【一】【起】【去】【了】。 【都】【说】【母】【子】【连】【心】，【这】【话】【还】【是】【有】【道】【理】【的】，【在】【云】【安】【和】【恬】【恬】【的】2017年今天的买马资料【高】【阶】【的】【修】【士】【出】【现】【的】【越】【多】，【对】【三】【个】【丹】【境】【大】【圆】【满】【期】【的】【修】【士】【来】【说】【便】【越】【不】【利】。 【任】【务】【一】【旦】【开】【始】，【极】【有】【可】【能】【化】【婴】【境】【的】【修】【士】【便】【会】【先】【剔】【除】【最】【弱】【的】【三】【人】，【剩】【余】【几】【个】【强】【者】【再】【竞】【争】。 【三】【人】【应】【该】【也】【意】【识】【到】【了】【这】【一】【点】，【这】【一】【次】【试】【炼】【对】【他】【们】【并】【不】【友】【好】，【所】【以】【俱】【都】【脸】【色】【极】【其】【的】【难】【看】，【那】【其】【中】【丹】【境】【大】【圆】【满】【境】【界】【的】【女】【子】【粉】【面】【煞】【白】，【抬】【头】【哀】【求】【般】【柔】【柔】【的】【看】
【这】【期】【纳】【凉】【特】【辑】【在】【两】【周】【后】【的】【一】【个】【周】【日】【播】【出】。 【播】【出】【的】【当】【晚】【在】【宿】【舍】【的】【女】【孩】【们】【都】【是】【围】【坐】【在】【一】【起】【收】【看】【这】【节】【目】【的】【放】【送】。 TTS【的】【打】【歌】【期】【也】【已】【经】【圆】【满】【结】【束】【了】，【金】【泰】【妍】【终】【于】【等】【来】【了】【自】【己】【期】【待】【已】【久】【的】【休】【息】【期】。 【在】【宿】【舍】【呆】【了】【没】【两】【天】【就】【被】【父】【母】【喊】【回】【去】【了】。 【宿】【舍】【里】【也】【只】【剩】【下】【常】【驻】【的】【黄】【美】【英】，【叶】【蓝】【还】【有】【李】【顺】【圭】【三】【人】。 【郑】【秀】【妍】【跟】【郑】